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Learn English with Me: Have

Have को प्रयोग सामान्यतया स्वामित्व बुझाउन गरिन्छ । यसले ‘सँग/मा छ’ भन्ने अर्थ दिन्छ । ‘have got’ ले पनि उही अर्थ दिन्छ । जस्तै,
मसँग धेरै उपन्यासहरू छन् ।
I have many novels. Or

I have got many novels.
सीताको घरमा बगैँचा छैन ।
Sita’s house does not have a garden.

Sita’s house has not got a garden.

संरचनाहरू

Sub+ have/has+ noun (सँग छ)

Sub+ does/does+ have+ noun (सँग छैन)

Do/Does+ Sub + have+ noun? (सँग छ?)

Wh+ do/does +sub + noun?

Sub+ has/have got+ noun.

Sub+ has/have not got + noun.

Has/Have + sub+ got + noun?

Wh + has/have+ sub+ noun?

मेरो एउटा भाइ छ ।

I have a brother.

उनीहरूसँग नयाँ घर छ ।

They have a new house.

धनीसँग धेरै इर्ष्या हुन्छ ।

The rich have a lot of jealousy.

हामीसँग धेरै पैसा छैन । त्यसैले हामी पछौटे छौं ।

We don’t have much money. So We are laggards.

उसका धेरै सपनाहरू छैनन् ।

He doesn’t have many dreams.

ला! ऊसँग साँचो छैन । ऊ कसरी कोठा भित्र छिर्ला ।

Oh no! He doesn’t have a key. How’d he get in?

पानी पर्न थाल्यो । छाता छ ?

It’s started to rain. Do you have an umbrella?

तिम्रो झोलामा के छ ?

What do you have in your bag?

हामीसँग जम्मा कति रुपैयाँ छ ?

How much money do we have altogether?

तिम्रा कति जना भाइ बहिनीहरू छन् ?

How many siblings do you have?

मेरो एउटा भाइ छ ।

I have got a brother.

उनीहरूसँग नयाँ घर छ ।

They have got a new house.

धनीसँग धेरै इर्ष्या हुन्छ ।

The rich have got a lot of jealousy.

हामीसँग धेरै पैसा छैन । त्यसैले हामी पछौटे छौं ।

We haven’t got much money. So we are laggards.

उसका धेरै सपनाहरू छैनन् ।

He hasn’t got many dreams.

ला! ऊसँग साँचो छैन । ऊ कसरी कोठा भित्र छिर्ला ।

Oh no! He hasn’t got a key. How’d he get in?

पानी पर्न थाल्यो । छाता छ ?

It has started to rain. Have you got an umbrella?

तिम्रो झोलामा के छ ?

What have you got in your bag?

हामीसँग जम्मा कति रुपैयाँ छ ?

How much money have we got all together?

तिम्रा कति जना भाइ बहिनीहरू छन् ?

How many siblings have you got?

म बिरामी छु ( I have/I have got+ disease name)

अभिव्यक्तिको प्रयोग गरेर हामी आफू वा अरूलाई लागेको रोगको बारेमा बात मार्न सक्छौं । अझ विशिष्ट भएर भन्दा: have+ a stomachache/backache/अरू ache भएका शब्द/

Have+ a cold/ a sore throat/ pain/cramp on my feet etc

निम्न उदाहरणहरूलाई हेरौं ।

मेरो टाउको दुखेको छ ।

I have got a headache.

हरिको बुबालाई क्यान्सर भएको छ ।

Hari’s father has a cancer.

मेरो आमाको ढाड दुखेको छ ।

My mother has a backache.

मेरो खट्टा मर्केको छ ।

I have got a cramp on my leg.

मेरो बच्चालाई ज्वरो आएको छ ।

My baby has a flue.

Have को अन्य प्रयोग

  • Have + food (खानु)

I always have eggs for my breakfast.

म सधैँ ब्रेकफास्टमा अण्डा खाइन्छु ।

They are having lunch.

उनीहरू लञ्च गर्दैछन् ।

Would you like to have a cigarette?

चुरोट खाने हो ?

  • Have केही नामसँग जोडिएर आउँदा उक्त नाम अनुसारको क्रिया बन्छ । केही उदाहरणहरू:
Have a bath/ a shower (नुहाउनु)

Have an experience (अनुभव हुनु)

Have a baby (बच्चा पाउनु)

Have an accident (दुर्घटनामा पर्नु)

Have a premonition (पूर्वाभास हुनु)

Have an insight  (ज्ञान हुनु)

Have a swim (पौडी खेल्नु)

Have a rest/ a break (आराम गर्नु)

Have a party (पार्टी गर्नु)

Have a day off/holiday (छुट्टी हुनु)

Have a nice time (रमाइलो गर्नु)

Have a dream (सपना देख्नु)

Have a look (at something) (हेर्नु)

Have a chat (with someone) (बात मार्नु)

Have room (खाली ठाउँ हुनु)

Have an argument (वाद-विवाद हुनु)

ऊ आउँदा म नुहाउँदै थिए ।

I was having a bath when he came.

उनीहरूको बच्चा कहिले जन्मियो ?

When did they have a baby?

तिमी मसँग पौडी खेल्न जान चाहन्छौं ?

Would you like to have a swim with me?

मलाई डिस्ट्रब नगर । म आराम गर्दैछु ।

Don’t disturb me. I have having a rest.

मेरो आँखामा के छ ? हेर त!

What is there in my eye? Have a look at it.

हिजो हामीहरू हाइकिङ् गयौं । खुब रमाइलो भयो ।

We went on a hike yesterday. We had a very nice time.

उनीहरूले झगडा गरेका हुन् ? उनीहरू एक अर्कासँग बोलिरहेका छैनन् ।

Have they had an argument? They are not speaking to each other.

मैले तिमीलाई त्यहाँ नजाऊ भनेको थिएँ । मैले खराब पूर्वाभास पाएको थिए ।

I told you not to go there. I had had a bad premonition.

  • have difficulty/trouble लाई ‘गर्दा अप्ठेरो हुन्छ/मुश्किल हुन्छ’ भन्ने अर्थमा र have fun लाई ‘गर्दा रमाइलो हुन्छ’ भन्ने अर्थमा प्रयोग हुन्छ । तर यस्तो प्रयोग गर्दा difficulty, trouble र fun पछाडि verb4 (verb+ ing) अनिवार्य आउनु पर्छ । निम्न उदाहरणहरू हेरौं ।

तिमीलाई मेरो कोठा भेट्न अप्ठेरो भयो ?

Did you have difficulty finding my room?

म आफूले खोजे अनुरूपकी प्रेमिका भेट्न सकिरहेको छुइन ।

I have trouble finding the type of girl friend I want.

सबैजनालाई बिर्सन मुश्किल हुन्छ ।

Everyone has trouble forgetting.

हामी निकै बेर सँगै बस्यौं । हामीले आफ्नो बिगुतको बारेमा गफ गरेर रमाइलो गर्यौं ।

We stayed together for a long time. We had fun talking about our past.

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